Check with a lawyer or the Labour Standards Office for interpretation of the Labour Standards when terminating a person who has been an employee for 10 years or more. Severance pay Some jurisdictions require that an employee who is terminated without cause be provided with severance pay. This will depend on the size of the employer and the length of service of the employee. It is always important to make sure that you have the most up-to-date information about legislation in your jurisdiction.
Process[ edit ] Termination began with a series of laws directed at dismantling tribal sovereignty. From June until Septembersix laws were passed that gave states criminal or limited-criminal jurisdiction over tribes and reservations within those states.
Most such acts included the cessation of federal recognition and all the federal aid that came along with that designation. Between andthe government terminated recognition of more than tribes and bands as sovereign dependent nations.
Much was sold by individuals to non-Natives.
Given the considerable geographic isolation of many reservations and inherent economic problems, not many tribes had the funds to continue such services after termination was implemented.
Through the Indian Claims Commissiontribes had the ability to file claims against the government for breaches of treaty or Termination policy and the legislation.
The five year dead-line for making a claim, Augustcaused many tribes to file in the months preceding the end of the registration period. In some instances, pending claims cases with complex legal issues aided the tribes in preventing termination, while in others, tribes were taken advantage of by government agents and their associates.
Kansas Act of Federal policy up until the s had mainly held that the Federal Government had sole jurisdiction over Indians. The Kansas Act of was "trial" legislation granting state jurisdiction over most criminal offenses committed by or against Indians on Indian reservations.
If successful, it was to be implemented elsewhere. To clarify the state's authority, they proposed the act  to fill a perceived gap in jurisdiction.
None of the four federally recognized tribes living in Kansas: It indicated that living conditions on the reservations were extremely poor. The Bureau of Indian Affairs BIA and its bureaucracy were found to be at fault for the troubling problems due to extreme mismanagement.
They also thought the tribes should be assimilated to mainstream American society. Watkins of Utahthe strongest proponent of termination, equated it with the Emancipation Proclamationwhich had declared the freedom of all slaves in the territory of the Confederate States of America.
In language reminiscent of the Kansas Act ofthe law granted the State of North Dakota jurisdiction for criminal offenses occurring on lands occupied by the Spirit Lake Tribebut retained the right of the federal government for jurisdiction on offenses against federal law.
The idea had been circulating for years but had never gained much momentum. However, in the wake of termination, it took on new life.
Policymakers saw that settling claims would become the means to speed along the process of ending "Indian-identity" and move tribe members into the broader society. Simultaneously it would eliminate the need of the government to continue serving as tribal guardian,  or at the very least allow the government to reduce "appropriations for tribes in proportion to the size of their claim settlements".
Its purpose was to settle for all time any outstanding grievances or claims the tribes might have against the U. Claims had to be filed within a five-year period. Most of the complaints that were submitted  were filed at the approach of the 5-year deadline in August The final case, Pueblo of San Ildefenso v.
United States, was finally resolved in In language reminiscent of the Kansas Act ofthe law granted the State of Iowa jurisdiction for criminal offenses occurring on lands occupied by the Sac and Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowabut retained the right of the federal government for jurisdiction on offenses against federal law.
The language was virtually identical to the Kansas, North Dakota and Iowa statutes, with two important differences.
It covered all reservations lands within the state and prohibited the deprivation of hunting and fishing rights which may have been guaranteed to "any Indian tribe, band, or community, or members thereof". It further prohibited the state from requiring tribal members to obtain fish and game licenses.
The law also made provisions for the tribe and the Secretary of the Interior to negotiate easements for city improvements,  thus it did not terminate tribal status.
New York Act of [ edit ] Within two years, Congress was reviewing a second piece of legislation with regard to New Yorkto grant the state civil as well as criminal jurisdiction over Indians and tribes. During congressional hearings on the law, tribes strongly opposed the passage, fearful that states would deprive them of their reservations.
The State of New York disavowed any intention to break up or deprive tribes of their reservations and asserted that they "did not have the ability to do so".
It allowed the tribes to preserve customs, prohibited taxation on reservations,  and reaffirmed hunting and fishing rights. It also prohibited the state from enforcing judgments regarding any land disputes or applying any State Laws to tribal lands or claims prior to the effective date of the law 13 September The resolution called for the immediate termination of the FlatheadKlamathMenomineePotawatomiand Turtle Mountain Chippewaas well as all tribes in the states of CaliforniaNew YorkFloridaand Texas.
Termination of a tribe meant the immediate withdrawal of all federal aid, services, and protection, as well as the end of reservations.
The resolution also called for the Interior Department to identify quickly more tribes who appeared ready for termination in the near future.
After being admitted as a state inAlaska was added to the list of covered states where termination would be the goal. Public Law also allowed any state to assume jurisdiction over Indian lands by a statute or an amendment to the state constitution.Policy Title: Separation & Termination Policy and Procedure (formerly Exit and Separation Policy and Procedure) File reference: F10/ Date Policy was adopted by Council The following legislation and Council policies that are relevant to this Policy include: • Access to Information Policy;.
News, current events, information and analysis to support state legislatures. Bipartisan research on important public policy issues facing state governments.
Learn about fees and taxes you will find on your T-Mobile bill.
T-Mobile collects a monthly surcharge on behalf of your state and local governments. State legislation imposes the amount, and T-Mobile's compliance with these charges is a legal requirement. Depending on your local government, the. Indian termination was the policy of the United States from the mids to the mids.
It was shaped by a series of laws and policies with the intent of assimilating Native Americans into mainstream American society. Assimilation was not new.
The belief that indigenous people should abandon their traditional lives and become "civilized" had been the basis of policy for centuries. Based on Legislation in Section 37, of the Basic Conditions of Employment Act. Related Links. Basic Guide to UIF Unemployment Benefits Workers who become unemployed have the right to claim from UIF.
Basic Guide to Unfair Dismissal and Unfair Labour Practices. Legislation Description Date ; HB 4EX: Income tax; tax credit for certain taxpayers based on certain expenses incurred due to Hurricane Michael; create.