According to Wigginsp. Individual Portfolios Specific content area items collected at specific intervals, for example, writing samples; record of problem solving using numbers; unique items that show learning style, interests, unique talents of individual children An example of an individual portfolio item is Baxter's labeling of his vegetable drawings.
Masturbation techniques Edit Ways of masturbating common to members of both sexes include pressing or rubbing the genital area, either with the fingers or against an object such as a pillow; inserting fingers or an object into the anus see anal masturbation ; and stimulating the penis or vulva with electric vibratorswhich may also be inserted into the vagina or anus.
Members of both sexes may also enjoy touching, rubbing, or pinching the nipples or other erogenous zones while masturbating. Both sexes sometimes apply lubricating substances to intensify sensation.
Reading or viewing pornographyor sexual fantasyare often common adjuncts to masturbation. Often people will call upon memories during masturbation. Masturbation activities are often ritualised.
Various fetishes and paraphilias can also play a part in the masturbation ritual. Some potentially harmful or fatal activities include autoerotic asphyxiation and self-bondage. Some people get sexual pleasure by inserting objects into the urethra the tube through which urine and, in men, semen, flows.
Men and women may masturbate until they are close to orgasm, stop for a while to reduce excitement, and then resume masturbating. They may repeat this cycle multiple times. This "stop and go" build-up can achieve even stronger orgasms.
Rarely, people quit stimulation just before orgasm to retain the heightened energy that normally comes down after orgasm . Doing this could lead to temporary discomfort due to pelvic congestion.
Austrian psychoanalyst Wilhelm Reich in his essay Concerning Specific Forms of Masturbation tried to identify healthy and unhealthy forms of masturbation.
He tried to relate the way people masturbated to their degree of inclination towards the opposite sex and to their psycho-sexual pathologies. Sometimes one or more fingers may be inserted into the vagina to repeatedly stroke its frontal wall where the g-spot is located. Many women caress their breasts or stimulate a nipple with the free hand, if these are receptive areas for sexual stimulation.
Anal stimulation is also enjoyed by some. Lubrication is sometimes used during masturbation, especially when penetration is involved, but this is not universal and many women find their natural lubrication sufficient. Common positions include lying on back or face down, sitting, squatting, kneeling or standing.
In a bath or shower a female may direct tap water at her clitoris and vulva. Lying face down one may use the hands, one may straddle a pillow, the corner or edge of the bed, a partner's leg or some scrunched-up clothing and rubbing the vulva and clitoris against it.
Standing up a chair, the corner of an item of furniture or even a washing machine can be used to stimulate the clitoris through the labia and clothing. In the s, Havelock Ellis reported that turn-of-the-century seamstresses using treadle-operated sewing machines could achieve orgasm by sitting near the edge of their chairs.
This can potentially be done in public without observers noticing. Some masturbate using only pressure applied to the clitoris without direct contact, for example by pressing the palm or ball of the hand against underwear or other clothing.The zone of proximal development (ZPD) has been defined as: "the distance between the actual developmental level as determined by independent problem solving and the level of potential development as determined through problem-solving under adult guidance, or in collaboration with more capable peers" (Vygotsky, , p.
86). ASSESSMENT REPORT EXAMPLE SAMPLE TREATMENT DISCHARGE SUMMARY FROM PROFESSIONAL RENEWAL CENTER (PRC), KANSAS MD, a year-old third year surgical resident who recently completed a multidisciplinary assessment and treatment process at the cognitive-behavioral interventions aimed at disentangling.
Piaget's cognitive schemas describe the development of cognition not only in relation to motor development, but also in relation to cognitive development.
According to Piaget, knowledge is acquired through action, either physical or mental. It is the first of these stages, the sensorimotor stage occurring from birth to two years of age. Task 1 involves completing a series of observations on a three (3) year old child, ‘LiLu’ Observation 4 – Series of Jottings – Use Sequence 5 – Lilu at the park – Part 1 and Children areconfident andinvolved learnersInclude Cognitive and Creative development: dispositions for learning, play and learning styles, sharing.
Observation - The Ounce Scale Cognitive Development. Exploration and Problem Solving: Child Discoveries • At 4 months of age, a child pays attention to what is happening in the environment and makes things happen.
• At 8 month of age, a child attends to what is happening in the environment, displays short-term memory, and makes things. Dec 01, · This emotional development is a milestone expected of a 4 year old child (Bredekamp, Copple , p.
), therefore showing that A () had already grasped this emotional development well, at her current age of 5 years old. Narrative of Focus Child Strengths: A () has shown very good developments in her social skills.