Colonial IndiaEast India CompanyCompany rule in Indiaand British Raj Robert Clive with Mir Jafar after the Battle of Plassey After the defeat of Tipu Sultanmost of South India was now either under the company's direct rule, or under its indirect political control European traders first reached Indian shores with the arrival of the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama in at the port of Calicutin search of the lucrative spice trade. Just over a century later, the Dutch and English established trading outposts on the subcontinent, with the first English trading post set up at Surat in The decline of the Mughal Empire in the first half of the eighteenth century provided the British with the opportunity to establish a firm foothold in Indian politics. The Company subsequently gained control of regions ruled by the Maratha Empireafter defeating them in a series of wars.
In the same year that the American Republic began, the French Revolution started. Should these two revolutions, American and French, be acclaimed as "similar"? Introduction At first glance, it appears that the American and French Revolutions had a lot in common.
After all, both took place around the same time. Both championed the desire for republican government and the principles of liberty. And many Americans promoted the French Revolution, and the Americans were indebted to the French who advanced their revolution, providing both money and material to the cause.
However, the historical record bears out that these two revolutions both began with different premises and their results were even more divergent than their premises. This essay is devoted to providing a contrast to the American and French Revolutions, with a conclusion that these were two very different events.
Samuel Adams has been called the "Father of the American Revolution. The American Revolutionary War…. If the French Revolution is the benchmark for how revolutions go, then the American Revolution was not a revolution at all.
First, consider the American Revolution.
Before the Americans get their Declaration of Independence inthe British led the way with the Magna CartaPetition of Right and the English Bill of Rights, documents that reasserted the rights of subjects against the arbitrary rule of kings.
The most radical act occurred in when otherwise reasonable men dressed up like the natives and dumped British tea into Boston Harbor. Marie Antoinette, pictured, at the age of thirteen.
The French queen was just one of the innocent victims of the French Revolution. For all of its mob-like tendencies, however, the Boston Tea Party was characteristically uncharacteristic. The decision to dump the tea was deliberate; in fact, the tea was the only victim that night except for a busted lock which Ben Franklin insisted be replaced.
When one man stole some of the tea, he was punished by the colony. Compared to the antics of the French Revolution, the infamous Tea Party in Boston was like the sisters at the convent sneaking into the dorm of the rival convent and shorting their sheets.
The French Revolution was one of the most senseless bloodlettings ever to occur in the name of freedom. The fact is that there are many contrasts that can be made between these two revolutions. The Americans were trying to preserve their traditions of representative government and self-imposed taxation; for the French, everything that had to do with the ancien regime was repugnant and had to be uprooted, even its religion.
The French Revolution was a conflict rooted in envy with the desperate whipped into a frenzy. The Americans, in contrast, did not envy the British; they wanted to be left alone, to chart their own political destiny.
In contrast to the American symbol of liberty, the Liberty Bell, we have the French symbol of liberty, the guillotine. As for the literary contribution, France gave the world a Declaration of Rights, a claim to entitlements, grounded in human reason; the American founding fathers gave their people a Declaration of Independence, a declaration of responsibility, grounded in self-evident truths.
We are responsible and ready to stand on our own two feet and take our place among the nations. They were getting along fairly well without British meddling. They were making their own laws and living by their own wits.
It is true that the French Revolution and American Revolution have their roots in contract theory. However, the contact theory offered by Jean Rousseau above is very different than the one offered by British philosopher, John Locke below.
The results could not be further apart. Stranger than Fiction Another remarkable contrast is what happened to the leaders of the Revolution. In France, the revolutionaries instigated horrible acts with many of them dying horrible deaths, like Maximilian Robespierre.
As for the American revolutionaries, only one of the original 56 men to sign the Declaration died a violent death and his death had nothing to do with the revolution.
In fact, the instigators of the American Revolution fared well as revolutionaries go. Most of them were honored after the Revolution and lived long lives.
In fact, every American president up to Abraham Lincoln died a nonviolent death, unless you consider eighteenth century medicine an act of violence, which took George Washington from this world prematurely.
Thomas Jefferson, chief author of the Declaration of Independence, was instrumental in founding the modern American party system and was elected twice to the presidency.
The one American revolutionary that did die a violent death, Alexander Hamilton, died in a duel with Vice-President Aaron Burr, but the duel had nothing to do with the Revolution. In the hours just prior to the duel, Hamilton confessed to his wife that he would risk dying rather than take the life of Burr, a sworn enemy.
And he did take that mortal bullet on the evening of July 11, at Weehawken, New Jersey, vowing to do no violence and departed this life, confessing the Christian religion. In the Gospels, Jesus said that those that live by the sword, die by the sword.A movement is much broader than the other two, and whilst it could be radical and ultimately lead to a revolution or revolt (Lenin's Bolshevik's, before the October Revolution, were a political cause), it could be something incredibly mundane: 'impressionism' was also a movement, but in this case it was simply a group of artists who bad similar.
The contrasts between the revolutions that replaced the Romanov Dynasty in Russia with the Bolshevik movement and the revolution that brought to power in China the. The French Revolution and the Latin American Wars of Independence are like the two sides of a coin.
Both events drew inspiration from the same philosophical movement, and both events produced significant changes. Yet they are as different as a coin's front and back because of . The French Revolution and the Latin American Wars of Independence are like the two sides of a coin.
Both events drew inspiration from the same philosophical movement, and both events produced significant changes. Yet they are as different as a coin's front and back because of .
The Indian independence movement was a series of activities whose ultimate aim was to end the British Raj and encompassed activities and ideas aiming to end the East India Company rule (–) and the British Raj (–) in the Indian grupobittia.com movement spanned a total of 90 years (–) considering movement against British Indian grupobittia.com India: – The Indian Revolution took place well into the Industrial Revolution (when home country arms were potentially much better).
The Americans had a higher standard of living that the British in , and the American Revolution was fought largely to protect that standard of living.