All cultures have social rules that govern what is considered to be appropriate communication. An ethnographic approach to understanding communication focuses on the "cultural specificity of rules of communication and the totality of factors" that affect the communication process Bonvillain
Particularity in Meaning and Action: Cultural Particularity Many ethnographers of communication use Dell Hymes' descriptive framework to Communication enthography and present their findings.
This framework Hymes,is intended to be used to look at any naturally occurring speech to discover the rules for speaking modes of speaking, topics, message forms within particular settings and activities.
He disagrees with the notion that culture is communication, and seeks to find the intersection of communication and culture, an intersection he calls cultural communication. Cultural communication "highlights the aspects of socially situated meaning-making that are mutually intelligible, deeply felt, and accessible to persons" p.
Central to cultural communication are the "twin accomplishments of mutual intelligibility and shared identity, common meaning and membership" p. Examples of Ethnography of Communication Carbaugh goes on to list three areas of interest to the student of cultural communication: Cultural Models of Personhood: How is communication accomplished?
What are the logic patterns, forms of talk e. As an example of the above, what are the "display rules" of when and how emotion should be displayed. Note that these three intersect with one another. That is, emotional expression has certain meanings.
In some cultures, to be a "real man" means not showing certain emotions, or to be a real "x" might mean showing emotions in certain ways.
In this framework, we can begin to see the focus of various writers who are loosely or tightly aligned with Ethnography of Communication: While not an "ethnographer of communication," he was an ethnographer who looked at communication; his ethnography looked at how Apache Indians used silence.
Cross-cultural study of Basso's Hypothesis Tamar Katriel A study of Israeli semantics of social relations Talking Straight: What we need is communication: As you have probably guessed, even in ethnography things aren't cut and dry! There are many definitions of ethnography--creating some confusion in the field of communication, since our researchers read different authors and fields for exemplars.
The role of the researcher is debated, with some holding that the researcher can only be subjective, and others holding that the researcher should take the perspective of naive realism--assuming that reality is "out there" but that we are simply limited in our ability to discover it Hammersley,takes this approach.
That is, for some, the researcher is the "fly on the wall," telling the reader "how things are".
For others, the researcher believes that what she or he sees is only a construction. A second issue in ethnography is its function in the social world.
Thus, Philipsen sees a three-fold agenda for ethnography: Clough strongly opposes "ethnographic realism. Empirical science itself, she suggests, is laden with unconscious desire and sexual difference, and its "haunted realism" tends to further the oppression of disempowered people by merely observing rather than seeking to change.
Conquergood takes a similar approach, but is not so Freudian.
He suggests that the new direction of ethnography is to consider the role and person of the researcher, to look to the "borderlands" and "boundaries" of cultures, and to see the value of a performance metaphor.
That is, rather than looking only at groups as "cultures," we should see individuals as "culture-inventing, social-performing, self-making and self-transforming creature[s]" p. Cultures are diverse, with people acting their own culture s out in various ways. The return of the body q.This paper examines the concept “Ethnography of Communication” and what it entails.
It looks at the evolution of ethnography of communication as an academic discipline and a method of research. With its unique approach to the study of language, the.
back to human communication as autoethnography. Art: In communication theory, there is a lot of emphasis on the rational and scientific dimensions of interpersonal communication such as the ways.
General Overviews. Efforts to bring together communication’s various geographical aspects are relatively rare. If communications can be understood as containing either place or space (as representations or social networks), and being contained either in place or space (as devices, infrastructure, and uneven levels of access), as suggested in Adams and Adams , then overviews are.
Mar 08, · Foundation of Ethnographic Communication.
Ethnography of communication is the study of communication within the background of social and cultural practices and beliefs.
First introduced by Dell Hymes in , he described it in detail in his article ‘Introduction: Toward Ethnographies of Communications’, which was published in Updated 06/01/ Today’s readings include two different short articles on verbal communication and Jandt’s chapter on identity and communication.
Ethnography of Communication: Several scholars have borrowed from concepts of ethnography to look at communication specifically.
Ethnography (of Communication) (John R. Baldwin) This is a brief introduction to Ethnography (of Communication). For further interest or clarification, consult the instructor. Citations of referenced works available on request. Background.