Definitions[ edit ] Firefighters at work The Oxford English Dictionary cites the earliest use of the word in English in the spelling of risque from its from French original, 'risque' as ofand the spelling as risk from
The rate for motorcycles is Per vehicle mile traveled, motorcyclists' risk of a fatal crash is 35 times greater than a passenger car.
Motorcycle rider death rates increased among all rider age groups between and Motorcycle rider deaths were nearly 30 times more than drivers of other vehicles Motorcycle riders aged below 40 are 36 times more likely to be killed than other vehicle operators of the same age.
Motorcycle riders aged 40 years and over are around 20 times more likely to be killed than other drivers of that same age. A total of 37, automobile occupants were killed on U. One of the main reasons motorcyclists are killed in crashes is the motorcycle provides virtually no protection in a crash.
Hurt Report A major work done on this subject in the United States is the Hurt Report, published in with data collected in Los Angeles and the surrounding rural areas.
Other notable findings in the Hurt report quoted below were: In the single vehicle accidents, motorcycle rider error was present as the accident precipitating factor in about two-thirds of the cases, with the typical error being a slide-out and fall due to overbraking or running wide on a curve due to excess speed or lack of side bite.
Almost half of the fatal accidents show alcohol involvement.
Injury severity increases with speed, alcohol involvement and motorcycle size. In the multiple vehicle accidents, the driver of the other vehicle violated the motorcycle right-of-way and caused the accident in two-thirds of those accidents.
The report's additional findings show that wearing appropriate gear, specifically, a helmet and durable garments, mitigates crash injuries substantially. The failure of motorists to detect and recognize motorcycles in traffic is the predominating cause of motorcycle accidents Conspicuity of the motorcycle is a critical factor in the multiple vehicle accidents, and accident involvement is significantly reduced by the use of motorcycle headlamps-on In daylight and the wearing of high visibility yellow, orange or bright red jackets.
MAIDS report The most recent large-scale study of motorcycle accidents is the MAIDS report carried out in five European countries in tousing the rigorous OECD standards, including a statistically significant sample size of over crash incidents and over control cases.
And further that, "the largest number of PTW [powered two-wheeler] accidents is due to a perception failure on the part of the OV driver or the PTW rider. Accidents that did not result in hospitalization or treatment for a critical injury, or a death, were not considered, nor was there any consideration of involvement of other road users, or culpability.
The definition of reflective or fluorescent clothing was taken to include "clothing or other articles such as a jacket, vest, apron, sash, ankle or wrist band, or back pack including stripes, decals or strips". No assessment of the type open or full-face of helmet was undertaken. No association was observed between risk of crash related injury and the frontal colour of the operator's clothing or motorcycle.
The MAIDS report did not publish information on helmet color or the prevalence of reflective or fluorescent clothing in either the accident or control groups, or the use of lights in the control group, and therefore drew no statistical conclusions on their effectiveness, neither confirming nor refuting the claims of the Wells report.
MAIDS found that motorcycles painted white were actually over-represented in the accident sample compared to the exposure data. The report concluded that "in There were more cases in which the use of dark clothing decreased the conspicuity of the rider and the PTW cases.
Transportation historian Jeremy Packer has suggested four categories to describe the different approaches to the risks of motorcycling. The first and fourth categories take opposite views of motorcycling, but share a fatalistic notion that to motorcycle is to tempt fate.
The second and third categories differ in the degree of emphasis they place on measures to limit the risk of riding, but share the view that riders have some degree of control and are not victims of fate.
Or ban motorcycling; this is the belief that motorcycling is too dangerous. Some former motorcyclists had an epiphany due to an accident involving themselves or a person they know, which permanently upends their view of motorcycling. Some are adamant in their opposition to motorcycling, unwilling to consider the merits or pleasures of riding due to their horror at the danger and physical carnage of motorcycle accidents.
The late Agony aunt Claire Raynerin her review of Melissa Holbrook Pierson 's motorcycling book The Perfect Vehicle, admitted her prejudice, that nothing Pierson writes could change her attitude about motorcycling because, "I used to be hospital casualty nurse and spent so much time dealing with bikers who were scraped off the road like so much raspberry jam after accidents that I became an implacable hater of the machine The danger to which bikers constantly put themselves, however well-wrapped in their urban armour of studded leather, and however horrendously helmeted, seems to me a reason for banning the infernal machines.
That is what motor cycle means to me.Motorcycle safety concerns many aspects of vehicle and equipment design as well as operator skill and training that are unique to motorcycle riding.
Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women in the U.S.
and also the leading cause of death worldwide. More than half of the deaths that occur as a result of heart disease. NOTES.
1. Bush: First quote was from his address to the joint session of Congress, the second from his October 11th news conference.
2. "Commercial Aviation," Gallup Report, March/April, , pp. Automobile Accidents, Tort Law, Externalities, and Insurance: An Economist's Critique. Nearly half a century ago, William Vickrey of Columbia University published this essay on car accident compensation. The tricky one would be comparing the costs of the drug war.
Compare alcohol, which is a hard drug and hugely harmful, but so stupidly easy to make that banning it is handing buckets of free money to organised crime, blindness and brain damage from methanol in badly-distilled spirits, etc.. I do concur that busting people’s asses for driving while stoned is a very important social bright.
The timeworn and pedestrian answer is simply "to get to the other side." Here are some creative and original answers: The chicken crossed the road.