The term caste has been derived from the Portuguese term caste which means race, breed or kind. Blunt defines caste as "endogamous group or collection of endogamous groups, bearing a common name, membership of which is hereditary, imposing on its members certain restrictions in matters of social intercourse either following a common traditional occupation or claiming a common origin, and generally regarded as forming a single homogenous community. Fairchild defines it as "homogenous, endogamous social control organisation with distinctive rituals, especially those pertaining to a religious purity.
Essay on Caste and Indian Politics Article shared by: In this essay we will discuss about caste in Indian politics. After reading this essay you will learn about: Role of Caste in Indian Politics 2. Definition of Caste System 3. Caste and Politics in Free India 4.
Caste System and Bureaucracy 5. Strengths of Caste Politics.
Essay on the Role of Caste in Indian Politics: In India caste has been playing a very big role since long time past. Indian society is a caste ridden one, is known to world all over.
But it is in modern times that the system has degenerated itself. It was felt that after independence the system will gradually disintegrate and shall have no impact because in the constitution there is no place for it.
In fact, making discrimination on the basis of caste and creed is an offence and a punishable crime. But with the passage of time it has undoubtedly been established that caste has not ceased to play its part.
It still plays an effective role in all walks of political life more at the local, less at state and lesser at national level.
But its punch is felt at all levels. But usually caste is proving a heavy weight on the political system and people under the influence of caste do not even vote for the most suitable person not belonging to their caste.
Not only this, but candidates for contesting elections are picked up taking caste structure of constituency into consideration.
Some constituencies and areas have always returned people belonging to the same caste. There is today no state which is free from the influence of caste, though in some cases its hold may be more, while in others comparatively less.
Essay on the Definition of Caste System: Thus, basically caste means people belonging to the same breed. The term caste has been defined differently by different people.
Relations between castes are governed among other things, by the concepts of pollution and purity, and generally, maximum commensality occurs within the caste.
Essay on Caste and Politics in Free India:20, table of contents research methodology 3 review of literature 4 introduction 6 political violence in india: an analysis 8 violence-a vital instrument in indian politics 11 communal & political violence 14 law and political violence 15 case study: the nandigram violence 20 conclusion.
Included: political essay india essay sociology essay content. Preview text: Among the major divisive forces affecting the polity, caste remains the formidable one.
It refers to an inscriptive system of status and hierarchy. Its chief characteristics are hierarchy, commensality, restrictions on marriage and hereditary occupat. Introduction: Caste based politics in India Though the idea that caste is a part of a natural and moral order of things, that it is a hereditary quality which once for all defines ones position and occupational affiliation and which is associated with a particular law of conduct is rejected both by intellectuals and political leaders, caste is.
Essay on the Role of Caste in Indian Politics: In India caste has been playing a very big role since long time past. Indian society is a caste ridden one, is known to world all over. The caste system in India is the paradigmatic ethnographic example of caste.
It has origins in ancient India, and was transformed by various ruling elites in medieval, Since the s, caste has become a major issue in the politics of India.
Indian social reformers. Elections in India are fought with an eye on getting votes on the caste system which has its roots firmly fixed in the Indian social order. Side by side with caste system the question of reservations has become a major attraction for creating a vote bank during elections.