An overview of the aids virus

AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome is the name used to describe a number of potentially life-threatening infections and illnesses that happen when your immune system has been severely damaged by the HIV virus. There's currently no cure for HIV, but there are very effective drug treatments that enable most people with the virus to live a long and healthy life.

An overview of the aids virus

The human immunodeficiency virus HIV infects cells of the immune system, destroying or impairing their function. Infection with the virus results in progressive deterioration of the immune system, leading to "immune deficiency.

Infections associated with severe immunodeficiency are known as "opportunistic infections", because they take advantage of a weakened immune system. It is defined by the occurrence of any of more than 20 opportunistic infections or HIV-related cancers.

How is HIV transmitted? HIV can be transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse vaginal or analand oral sex with an infected person; transfusion of contaminated blood; and the sharing of contaminated needles, syringes, surgical equipment or other sharp instruments.

It may also be transmitted between a mother and her infant during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding. How many people are living with HIV? That same year, some 1. The length of time can vary widely between individuals.

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Left without treatment, the majority of people infected with HIV will develop signs of HIV-related illness within 5—10 years, although this can be shorter. What is the most common life-threatening opportunistic infection affecting people living with HIV? It is the number one cause of death among people with HIV in Africa, and a leading cause of death in this population worldwide.

There are a number of core health care strategies that are critical to prevent and manage TB infection among people living with HIV: How can I limit my risk of HIV transmission through sex?

Use male or female condoms correctly each time you have sex. Practice only non-penetrative sex. Remain faithful in a relationship with an uninfected equally faithful partner with no other risk behaviour.

Does male circumcision prevent HIV transmission? A one-time intervention, medical male circumcision provides life-long partial protection against HIV as well as other sexually transmitted infections. It should always be considered as part of a comprehensive HIV prevention package and should never replace other known methods of prevention, such as female and male condoms.

An overview of the aids virus

How effective are condoms in preventing HIV? When used properly during every sexual intercourse, condoms are a proven means of preventing HIV infection in women and men.

Questioning the AIDS Virus, HIV, and AZT Controversy

What is a female condom? The female condom is the only female-controlled contraceptive barrier method currently on the market.HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus and is different to AIDS, which is the advanced stage of HIV infection.

The HIV virus can be spread through infected blood, breast milk, semen, and anal or vaginal fluids contaminating the blood stream. The official AIDS paradigm -- including the preposterous notion that a biochemically inactive microbe, the so-called "human immunodeficiency virus" (HIV-1), causes the 29 (at last count) AIDS-indicator diseases -- represents the most colossal blunder in medical history.

Annual HIV infections a and diagnoses b are declining in the United States. The declines may be due to targeted HIV prevention efforts.

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However, progress has been uneven, and annual infections and diagnoses have increased among some groups. Nov 06,  · Fact sheets about HIV/AIDS treatment information, the prevention of mother-to-child transmission, and HIV treatment side effects. All the fact sheets are written specifically for patients in easy to read language.

Jul 13,  · Watch video · The human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, is a virus that attacks the immune system, specifically CD4 cells (or T cells). The virus .

The human immunodeficiency virus is a retrovirus that invades cells in the human immune system, making it highly susceptible to infectious diseases.

According to the World Health Organization, over , Americans have died from HIV/AIDS and over one million US citizens are living with the disease.

HIV & AIDS Information :: How HIV damages the immune system - Overview of HIV and the immune system