About Ethics in Information Technology by Nicholas Katers - Updated September 26, Every advancement in information technology is accompanied by at least one ethical quandary. From Facebook to email updates, computer users are unaware of the fine balance between ethics and profit struck by providers. Software developers, businesses and individuals must think about the rights and wrongs of using information technology every day. Data Mining Data mining covers a wide range of activities that turn numbers, words and other data into distinguishable patterns.
This definition is part of our Essential Guide: IT strategy information technology strategy is a comprehensive plan that outlines how technology should be used to meet IT and business goals.
It should cover all facets of technology management, including cost managementhuman capital management, hardware and software management, vendor management and risk management.
Executing an IT strategy requires strong IT leadership; the chief information officer CIO and chief technology officer CTO need to work closely with business, budget and legal departments as well as with other lines of business and user groups to achieve its success.
Organizations formalize their IT strategy in a written document or balanced scorecard strategy map. The plan and its documentation should be flexible enough to change in response to new organizational circumstances, market and industry conditions, business priorities and objectives, budgetary constraints, available skill sets and core competenciestechnology advances, and user needs.
Its strategic goals should mirror business projects aka business alignment A discussion on information and informationtechnology take into account the needs of key stakeholders including employees, customers and business partners. There are different models that help executives construct an IT strategy, yet most contain certain key elements including: A high-level overview of the IT department that covers its mission, core values, objectives and approaches to accomplishing its goals.
Current budgets and spending forecasts for a multiyear timeline. An outline of current and future IT projects and initiatives with timelines and milestones.
A catalog of existing enterprise architecture; IT department capabilities and capacities; and future needs and requirements with details about infrastructure, staffing and other necessary resources. A list of the internal and external forces such as market and industry trends that shape current technology requirements and innovations as well as the future forces expected to shape IT.
A prediction of the potential opportunities and vulnerabilities that will necessitate technology responses to best position the organization for success.
An IT strategy plan for CIOs Although the IT strategy by its very nature needs to address complex technology details, it should not be considered a technical document, but rather a business document. Why every company needs one An IT strategy has become a critical element for organizational leadership in recent decades.
Its growing importance mirrors the rise of technology itself as a critical element for business success. The importance of an IT strategy has been amplified over the past few years as organizations focus on digital transformation and thriving in the digital age.
Technology is essential for creating new business modelsproducts and services; enhancing customer service as well as customer experiences; increasing sales; enabling workers and improving productivity; and supporting interactions with vendors and other business partners.
As such, organizations must formulate a technology strategy to accomplish those things as well as compete against others with the same objectives. Some organizations, particularly platform companies and other businesses whose entire product is based on technology offerings, may decide to forgo a separate IT strategy.
Instead, these organizations may and, in some cases, already are fold IT strategies into the overall business strategy to create a single unified document. How to create an IT strategy Just as there are varying models for the document itself, there are multiple ways to approach the creation of an IT strategy.
This step should be followed by an assessment of how the organization is meeting established objectives, milestones, benchmarks and relevant key performance indicators.
This assessment should identify the technology currently in use and the gaps that exist between these current IT operations and the objectives and strategic goals outlined in the ongoing strategic plans. Senior IT leaders then need to collaborate with their business-side counterparts to further develop the IT strategy.
All this creates the groundwork for IT executives to develop short-term and long-term objectives, budget projections, technology predictions and the perceived future opportunities and vulnerabilities that go into the technology strategy along with the corresponding summaries needed for the final document.
Implementation A strong IT strategy relies not just on creating the plan, but also on proper implementation of it. They should be used to guide tactical technology decisions, thereby helping the IT department align its day-to-day operations with the overall business model and mission.
However, adherence to the IT strategy should not be overly rigid. The fast pace of technology advancements and innovation require organizations to be agile if they want to seize upon new, and sometimes unforeseen, developments that can help them be more competitive or better serve their market.
Thus, the technology strategy needs to be flexible. CIOsCTOs and other executives must also be nimble, and they should expect to reassess and redevelop the technology strategy at least annually and possibly revisit it even more frequently to, first, verify the tactical plans align with the technology strategy and, second, verify the technology strategy remains aligned with the overall organizational mission as it changes in response to shifting dynamics.It encompasses under its scope information technology equipment, communications equipment, office appliances and multi-media equipment for use in the home, office, business, school, computer room (data center) and similar locations.
Every advancement in information technology is accompanied by at least one ethical quandary. From Facebook to email updates, computer users are unaware of the fine balance between ethics and profit struck by providers. Software developers, businesses and individuals must think about the rights and wrongs of using.
Functional discussion and illustration of advanced structures, such as stacks and queues, by means of practical design-oriented problems. Please note: Modules 1 & 2 will focus mainly on the design of sound.
Read the latest in IT research from research institutes around the world. Read chapter 2 Trends and Issues in Information Technology: Since Galileo corresponded with Kepler, the community of scientists has become increasingly in. “Integrating Technology into Teaching and Learning” The meaning of which is putting together technology into teaching and learning so that these will become one in learner’s education.
John Dewey has described traditional learning as a process in which the teacher pours information to student learners, much like pouring water from a.