The death of the heir apparent, Archduke Rudolfin made Franz Ferdinand next in succession to the Austro-Hungarian throne after his father, who died in His desire to marry Sophie, countess of Chotek, a lady-in-waiting, brought him into sharp conflict with the emperor and the court. In foreign affairs he tried to restore Austro-Russian understanding without endangering the alliance with Germany.
Inwhen he was only eleven years old, his cousin Duke Francis V of Modena died, naming Franz Ferdinand his heir on condition that he add the name Este to his own.
Franz Ferdinand thus became one of the wealthiest men in Austria. Education After the suicide of Crown Prince Rudolf inFrancis Ferdinand was generally regarded as heir to the throne, although never formally installed as such by Emperor Francis Joseph.
Lung problems continued to plague him, and, in order not to be precluded from inheriting the throne, Francis Ferdinand for four years vacationed in the Tyrol and in Mediterranean spas. Career In he was promoted field marshal and on March 29,placed "at the disposition" of the imperial supreme commander; in he was promoted general of cavalry.
Francis Ferdinand busied himself with military matters, and gained credit especially after his promotion to admiral in for his work with Admiral Rudolf von Montecuccoli in behalf of the navy. In politics, the archduke stood close to the Christian-Socialists at home, and distinctly disliked the Pan-Germans.
His special animosity was reserved for the Magyars, although neither the Czechs nor the Poles enjoyed his favor; alone the Rumanians and the Slovaks consistently could count on his support.
Initially Francis Ferdinand favored reorganization of the empire on the basis of Vienna-Budapest-Agram trialism, but a falling out with the Croats over their role in the future empire scrapped this project in favor of a plan to divide the monarchy along strictly linguistic lines.
This, in turn, yielded to a proposal to accord each of the historic Crown Lands an equal voice in the administration of the empire; finally, the heir presumptive arrived back at dualism, albeit with reform of the excessive rights that he felt the Magyars had been granted in In terms of foreign policy, Francis Ferdinand distrusted the Italians and generally preferred the resurrection of the Three Emperors' League of Francis Ferdinand had been appointed inspector general of all Habsburg armed forces on August 17,and in this capacity he decided to tour Bosnia with his wife in June The assassination of the imperial couple in the streets of Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip on June 28 set in motion the chain of events that culminated in the First World War.
A number of recent Habsburg apologists have attempted to make Francis Ferdinand an enlightened ruler who, had he been given the chance, might have solved the nationalities question and in the process transformed the Dual Monarchy into a truly supranational community.
Gunther Rothenberg has suggested instead that Francis Ferdinand s foremost aim was to resurrect the centralized monarchy created by Prince Felix zu Schwarzenberg and the army after a more realistic appraisal by far.
Politics Historians have disagreed on how to characterize the political philosophies of Franz Ferdinand, some attributing generally liberal views on the empire's nationalities while others have emphasized his dynastic centralism, Catholic conservatism, and tendency to clash with other leaders.
He advocated granting greater autonomy to ethnic groups within the Empire and addressing their grievances, especially the Czechs in Bohemia and the south Slavic peoples in Croatia and Bosnia, who had been left out of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of Yet his feelings towards the Hungarians were less generous, often described as antipathy.
He regarded Hungarian nationalism as a revolutionary threat to the Habsburg dynasty and reportedly became angry when officers of the 9th Hussars Regiment which he commanded spoke Hungarian in his presence — despite the fact that it was the official regimental language.
Personality The archduke has been depicted as being self-willed, autocratic, reactionary, clerical, and abrasive; at Castle Belvedere he gathered about him a little brain trust according to some, a shadow government composed of men who ultimately were to serve Emperor Charles.
To be eligible to marry a member of the Imperial House of Habsburg, one had to be a member of one of the reigning or formerly reigning dynasties of Europe. The Choteks were not one of these families, although they did include among their ancestors, in the female line, princes of Baden, Hohenzollern-Hechingen, and Liechtenstein.
Franz Ferdinand was a descendant of King Rudolf I.
They kept their relationship a secret. Deeply in love, Franz Ferdinand refused to consider marrying anyone else.
|Military Career||After his cousin Crown Prince Rudolf committed suicide in and his father died inFranz Ferdinand became the heir of his aging uncle Emperor Franz Josef. He eloped with Countess Sophie Chotek inbut this marriage was considered unequal and they were forced to renounce rights of rank and succession for their three children.|
|First World grupobittia.com - Who's Who - Archduke Franz Ferdinand||After the death of his father inArchduke Franz Ferdinand was prepared to assume the throne.|
|Archduke Franz Ferdinand Biography - Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline||Sponsored Links Although only third in line to the throne, Franz Ferdinand became the heir-apparent following the death of the Emperor's son, Crown Prince Rudolf inand his own father Archduke Charles Louis inFranz Josef's brother. Considered a prideful and mistrusting man, and not overly cultured, and with a short temper, Franz Ferdinand lacked the necessary charisma to guarantee popularity.|
|Archduke Franz Ferdinand - Historian personalities biography||After his cousin Crown Prince Rudolf committed suicide in and his father died inFranz Ferdinand became the heir of his aging uncle Emperor Franz Josef.|
|Franz Ferdinand Biography||Encyclopedia of Modern Europe: Francis Ferdinand was born 18 December in Graz.|
Finally, inEmperor Franz Joseph agreed to permit Franz Ferdinand to marry Sophie, on condition that the marriage would be morganatic and that their descendants would not have succession rights to the throne.
Sophie would not share her husband's rank, title, precedence, or privileges; as such, she would not normally appear in public beside him.
She would not be allowed to ride in the royal carriage or sit in the royal box in theaters. The only members of the imperial family who were present were Franz Ferdinand's stepmother, Princess Maria Theresa of Braganza, and her two daughters.
This raised her status considerably, but she still yielded precedence at court to all the archduchesses.
Whenever a function required the couple to assemble with the other members of the imperial family, Sophie was forced to stand far down the line, separated from her husband.
Franz Ferdinand's children were: Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria mother:An Heir by Chance Though Franz Ferdinand was born into the royal fam-ily of the Habsburgs on December 18, , in Graz, Austria, he did not grow up as the heir to the throne.
Francis Ferdinand () was archduke of Austria and heir apparent to the Austro-Hungarian throne. His assassination in was the immediate cause of World War I. Born on Dec. 18, , Francis Ferdinand (German, Franz Ferdinand) was the oldest son of Archduke Karl Ludwig, brother of Emperor Francis Joseph. Who's Who - Archduke Franz Ferdinand Franz Ferdinand () was born in Graz, Austria. As the heir to the Austro-Hungarian empire his assassination on 28 June sparked the First World War. The dream of the "United States of Austria" 18 December June 28, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria was born in Graz, on 18 December , by Ludovico, brother of the Emperor Franz Joseph and Annunziata of Bourbon, daughter of King Francis I of the two Sicilies.
Franz Ferdinand, archduke of Austria-Este, German Franz Ferdinand, Erzherzog von Österreich-Este, also called Francis Ferdinand, (born December 18, , Graz, Austria—died June 28, , Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Austria-Hungary [now in Bosnia and Herzogovina]), Austrian archduke whose assassination () was the immediate cause of.
Franz Ferdinand was born in Graz, Austria, the eldest son of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria (the younger brother of Franz Joseph and Maximilian) and of his second wife, Princess Maria Annunciata of Bourbon-Two grupobittia.com: Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg.
Franz Ferdinand (18 December – 28 June ) was an Archduke of Austria-Este, Austro-Hungarian and Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia, and from until his death, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne. His assassination in Sarajevo precipitated Austria-Hungary's Successor: Charles.
Born on December 18, , the eldest son of Archduke Karl-Ludwig von Habsburg and his wife, Princess Annunziata di Borbone, Franz Ferdinand was. Born on December 18, , the eldest son of Archduke Karl-Ludwig von Habsburg and his wife, Princess Annunziata di Borbone, Franz Ferdinand was third in line to the thrown of the Austro-Hungarian Empire upon his birth.